Gatton Murders- Gatton Police Station History

Gatton Murders

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ESTABLISHMENT:
The Police Station, Gatton was opened approximately 1865.

Prior to the passing of the “Police Act of 1863”, Queensland's police force was highly de-centralised.

Local police magistrates or justices of the peace appointed police.

The network of police districts throughout the colony mirrored courts of petty sessions and small debts courts districts.

The 1863 Act instituted a centralised police force under the control of the Commissioner of Police.

As the population of Brisbane grew and more Queensland towns became settled, police stations proliferated.

Gold and mineral discoveries, economic forces and crime rates also affected the growth and strength of police, with variations from place to place.

In more remote areas, police stations (and native police camps) were staffed entirely by native police.

Once white settlement in these areas became more established, regular forces replaced the native police.

By 1895 there were 222 police stations throughout the colony.

Additional 'portable' police stations were erected from time to time in towns where there was only a temporary need for police presence.

In 1905 there were 9 police districts and 272 stations.

In 1963 there were 19 police districts throughout the State. In the 1970s regionalisation was introduced.

Police stations throughout the State were frequently used simultaneously as the local court house, police station, lock-up and residential accommodation for police officers.

Stations were also used as Government Savings Bank and Court of Petty Sessions offices.

FUNCTIONS:
Police officers stationed around Queensland performed (and still do) a wide range of 'traditional' and extraneous duties, some of which are listed below:

Dispute settlement
Law and order / patrols
Statistical returns for the Registrar-General
Collection of licence fees (liquor, etc.)
Attendance at Court (e.g. police, small debts, mining warden's and licensing courts)
Emergency rescues
Inspections
Traffic control
Searches (missing persons)
Service of warrants, summons and arrests
Rail and mail escorts
Prisoner and patient escorts
Prisoners, short term custody of
Watch-house administration
Public education and awareness

In addition, police prepared jury lists and electoral rolls and acted as clerks of petty sessions, rangers of Crown lands, inspectors of slaughterhouses, district registrars of births, deaths and marriages, inspectors of brands, agents for the curator of intestate estates, customs officers, etc.

ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE:
For administrative purposes, Queensland was divided into police districts (designated by a letter of the alphabet - eg. 'A' District,' B' District, etc).

These districts were further divided into sub-districts, within which were numerous police stations.

Police inspectors visited these stations at least once every year and reported to the Commissioner of Police on such matters as the condition of police stations and equipment, staffing levels and related issues, the keeping of police records and the performance of police duties.

In the mid 1920s the police districts were significantly revised and stations were re-grouped according to these new districts.

In the 1970s regionalisation was introduced.

The police station at Roma Street served as Police Headquarters.
PORTFOLIO CONTROLLING:
Colonial Secretary 1865 (c) - 6 Aug 1896
Home Secretary 6 Aug 1896 - 5 Dec 1935
Secretary for Health and Home Affairs 5 Dec 1935 - 10 Mar 1952
Secretary for Labour and Industry 10 Mar 1952 - 12 Aug 1957
Minister for Labour and Industry 12 Aug 1957 - 1 Feb 1962
Minister for Education and Migration 1 Feb 1962 - 26 Sep 1963
Minister for Labour and Industry 26 Sep 1963 - 21 Jan 1965
Minister for Education 21 Jan 1965 - 17 Jan 1968
Minister for Works and Housing 17 Jan 1968 - 8 Aug 1968
Premier and Minister for State Development 8 Aug 1968 - 29 May 1969
Minister for Works and Housing 29 May 1969 - 23 Dec 1974
Minister for Police 23 Dec 1974 -

NOTE: Although staffed by police officers, police lockups form an integral part of prison administration. As it is often difficult to distinguish between the records of the police station and the police lockup, it has been decided that the agency of Police Station will be used whenever dealing with police lockups.

Queensland State Archives Agency ID1246, Police Station, Gatton

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